The world famous
Valley of Flowers is situated in the upper expansions of Bhyundar
Ganga in the far interior of Garhwal Himalayas. The valley is
spread over an area of 87.5 Sq. Kms. and is 3,250 mts. to 6,750
mts. above sea level. Rich references have been made about this
colouful and eye catching valley in the records of Indian History
and epic literature such as the Ramayana and Mahabharat. Legend
associate with this valley with the area from where Hanumanji of
Ramyana collected 'Sanjeevani" herb to revive Lakshman.
The Valley of Flowers itself, is a classic U-shaped valley - a
work of the Tipra-Kharak glacier. Over millions of years,
glaciers have advanced and receded many times. Today's Himalayan
glaciers are only a pale shadow of their former selves as they
have been receding ever since the last Himalayan Ice Age.
However, the rich morainic soil left by the glaciers proved to be
ideal and numerous varieties of alpine flowers took bloom.